Splendid sandy coastlines interspersed with coves and promontories look out onto crystalline waters whose colours transform with the changing of the seasons. Fine, silica sand form dunes lled with Mediterranean scrub, where plants that adapt well to a marine environment are not a rare discovery. The most beautiful beaches are located in the lands that lie in the southern tip of Italy They count dozens, of any size, at times hidden away amid rocks, cli s and grottos, and at others stretching as far as the eye can see. This itinerary, in a single route, will o er the opportunity to visit some of the most charming beaches of the area. Starting from the north-east of the city of Avola, you will take the SS 115 from Avola to Cassibile and arrive at Contrada Gallina from which the beach takes its name. Access to the beach is by a dirt road (which is marked) from the “statale” or state road. By following a path that leads to the promontory, you will reach a beautiful beach with large white stones and clear waters, 500 meters of sandy shoreline with a row of dunes protected by white rocks sloping into the sea. The beaches of Avola are all lovely and well taken care of. After the seafront promenade in town, you will arrive at the beach of Pantanello, also called “Ferro di Cavallo” for its horseshoe shape. The next beach that is well worth the visit is Mare Vecchio, adjacent to the old “tonnara” (tuna processing industry or tunnery) in the village of Marina di Avola. In the Noto area we will visit di erent coasts, all of which have a fascinating morphology. The beach most to the north is the Lido di Noto, a section of coast bordering a delightful holiday village, noted for its ne, amber- coloured sand and crystalline waters that gently slope towards the open sea. The beach has charming bathing establishments that provide gear and equipment for water sports. To arrive at this delightful seaside village, take the “provinciale” (provincial road) from Avola. Parking is permitted along the coast. Taking the provincial road south, you will arrive at the Oasi Faunistica di Vendicari (which is also a nature reserve of the “Riserva Naturale Orientata” class): here you may visit the beach of Calamosche, labelled by the 2005 Blue Guide of Lega Ambiente, as the most beautiful beach in Italy. It is an enchanting sandy cove about 200 meters wide with limpid, calm waters surrounded by two rocky promontories with rich coastal vegetation that slope gently into the sea, and providing snorkelling enthusiasts with bays, inlets and seabed. To get to the beach, enter from the secondary access of the Reserve (from the provincial road Noto - Pachino) and walk along a path for about 1 km. Descending into the farthest tip of Europe, the southernmost beach in Sicily and Italy is united by a strip of land to the Isola delle Correnti in the municipality of Portopalo di Capo Passero. Unlike its name, which identi es the meeting of the two seas and thus two currents, the beach is enclosed by a small gulf that has the e ect of making the waters calm and allowing the visitor to admire the spectacle of the currents. To reach the beach, you must go past the town of Portopalo and the harbour and follow directions for the Isola delle Correnti. West of the beach there is a paved parking lot and also one on an unpaved at. In the area of Pachino an absolute must is a visit to the beach of Carratois. To arrive, take the provincial roads 6 and 8 from Portopalo, then follow directions for Carratois. An extraordinary strip of sea stands before you, crystal clear and nearly always calm, protected on the left by the Isola delle Correnti and to the right by the Punta delle Formiche. The beach has free access and is wide with very ne sand. You can park the car along the small roads bordering the beach. During summer, but also in winter, the beach lls with windsurf and kitesurf enthusiasts. Now heading west into Ragusa territory, you will take the provincial road that travels along the coast and will come upon a very long ivory-coloured beach, Santa Maria del Focallo in the municipality of Ispica. The beach has free access and is easy to get to from the road. It is also equipped with public showers. The dunes behind are extraordinarily rich with Mediterranean scrub. A few more kilometres north-west is Pozzallo: beneath one of the most ancient fortresses of the entire area, Torre Cabrera, lies one of the most beautiful beaches in Italy, Pietre Nere. Plenty wide and stretched out before the seafront promenade, the beach o ers facilities and services, is freely accessed and easy to reach. Very nearby to the west, another beautiful beach called Raganzino is accessible directly from the road that leads from the town to the port area.